Kabaddi is a team sport, which is among the Traditional Indian Sports. In this sport sport there are two 7 member teams playing for 40 minutes. There is a break of 5 minutes in between. The object of the sport is raiding into the opponent’s court and touching as many opponent team players as possible without getting caught in one breath, continuously chanting “Kabaddi Kabaddi”. A Raider, is the player from one of the teams who raids or runs into the opposing team’s half and tries to touch maximum number of players of the opposing team. The Raider scores a point for every player he manages to touch. The opposing team earns a point for stopping the raider by physically stopping them from returning to their own half till the time their breath is up.
Apart from India, this traditional sport is also popular in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran and other South Asian countries. Noteworthy fact – Kabaddi is the national sports of Bangladesh.
The exact origins of Kabaddi are not defined, with theories based on beliefs that Kabaddi originated from either the Vedic times of Indian history, or the Sistan region of today’s Iran. The game is said to have been popular among the Yadava people in various scripts. For example, an abhang by Tukaram stated that Lord Krishna played the game in his youth.
Kabaddi received international exposure during the 1936 Berlin Olympics. Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal, from Amaravati, Maharashtra demonstrated the game. In 1950 the AKFI (All India Kabaddi Federation) came into existence and compiled standard rules. In 1979 The Asian Amateur Kabaddi Federation sent Prof. Sundar Ram of India, to introduce Kabaddi and spread awareness about the sport in Japan. The game was included for the first time in the Asian Games in Beijing in 1990, where India on the Gold Medal. The first World Kabaddi Championship took place in Hamilton, Canada. India, Pakistan, Canada, England and the United States were the participants in the competition.
Disciplines of Kabaddi
There are two teams of seven members each. These teams have their own halves of a court of 10 by 13 metres (33 ft × 43 ft) for men and 8 by 12 metres (26 ft × 39 ft) for women. Both teams, each have three reserve players. The game is played with two 20-minute halves. There is a 5-minute half break between the two halves in which the teams exchange their court halves. During each round, known as a “raid”, a “raider”, from the attacking side, runs into the opposing team’s side of the court and attempts to touch maximum number of defending players.
There are four major forms of Indian Kabaddi recognised by the Amateur Federation. In Sanjeevani Kabaddi, one player is revived against one player of the opposite team who is out. The game is played for 40 minutes with a 5 mins break between the halves. There are seven players on each side and the team that manages to out all the players on the opponent’s side scores four extra points. In Gaminee style, seven players play on each side and a player who gets out has to remain out until all his team members are out.
Sharing a video in the following which explains the rules of Kabaddi Source: YouTube.